The Roman Catholic church and international trade have been Trnava’s two main historical influences for over seven centuries. The town originated as a market town, at a crossroads of international merchants and in the midst of extensive farming. Its key position led its fortification in the 13th century, most of which is still visible today. During the Turkish occupation of Hungary, Trnava was the seat of the area’s archbishopric and first university, though both later relocated to Budapest. Today by all accounts it boasts a higher ratio of churches to inhabitants than anywhere outside of Rome; and its location and easy accessibility give it Slovakia’s largest ratio of major multinational plants per resident.
Enthusiasts of church architecture will find an amazing assortment of churches within easy walking distance of each other. Five gothic churches, including Franciscan, Dominican and Clarist, were joined in subsequent centuries by representatives of architecture of the high renaissance and baroque periods, including a Jesuit church and monastery. A stroll among these sights will also take you past the towns beautifully-restored square and striking renaissance town hall, and close to the imposing city wall.
Trnava is now host to Sony, Johns-Mansville and PSA Peugeot Citroen, as well as a number of smaller concerns. Its easy approach by rail and highway make it a natural for further growth of the same type.
The most striking sights near Trnava are historical residences from many centuries, located in the hills to its west. Both Cerveny Kamen and the smaller Smolenice were originally 13th-century fortifications, which their successive owners embellished and developed into stately homes used and flaunted well into the 20th century. More recently, the neoclassical Dolna Krupa manor hosted Beethoven as he composed the Moonlight Sonata. Trnava is also a mere 50 km from the attractions of the capital of Bratislava.
City of Trnava
Official web site of the city including the history in detail.